About B. A. LGDS

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
LGDS 101- ELEMENTS OF GOVERNMENT
The course explores the concept of politics, what is politics, is there a science of politics? What is government and scope of government? The course also discusses the subject matter of politics, concept of state, sources of conflict and Conflict resolution in politics. Similarly the course  structure examines forms of government, sovereignty and its implication, rule of law, citizenship, separation of powers, supremacy of parliament: it principles and limitations, delegated legislation and finally Nigerian independence and its character, as well as the independence  constitution of 1980 and subsequent constitutions.

SOLG 101- INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY
The course is aimed at introducing the students to sociological concepts such as norms, deviance and culture-shock. The attempt will be to prepare the minds of students towards understanding the fundamental basis of crisis. Consequently topics like, social classes and religious tolerance will be treated.

  • What is sociology
  • Methods of sociological research
  • Status & Roles
  • The concept of class
  • The Marxist Doctrine.

This course shall also seek to expose students to the understanding of the sociology of African societies. To achieve these objectives, the course  explores the following areas and concepts; social groups and social organization in Africa such as the Family, Kinship and Descent Groups, Ethnic Group, Age-grade , Sex grouping Associations and Ethnic Unions, Social Institutions: Marriage family and Kinship in Africa; types and characteristics, Economic systems of Pre-colonial Africa; Religion in African  Societies; Importance of Land and Kinship ties, subsistence  economy, settler  Agricultural and Nomadic economic systems; colonial Economic system. Socialization in Africa; role of the family, community and other institutions. Roles in African society and social class determinants; culture. Finally the course will examine social stratification and social mobility in Africa and social conflicts and social control in Africa.

ECONS 101- PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS
The course is an introduction to micro and macro-economics. Micro- economics or price theory is concerned with the determination of prices of factor inputs and of consumer products, while Macro-economics deals with the aggregate level of activity of the economy. The topics to be covered are aimed at exposing the students to the basic principles of economics as applied to public sector. Hence, economic theories are built up in a logically coherent and consistent way. The topics to be covered include:

  • Definitions of economics.
  • Classical and Neo-classical economic theories
  • Micro and Macro-economics
  • Factors of Production
  • Law of Return to scale
  • Concepts of  scarcity, choice and opportunity costs
  • Population growth
  • Demand and Supply theories
  • Concept of elasticity
  • Cost theory and Revenue analysis
  • Nature and types of Market

 

 

LGDS 102- INTRODUCTION TO LOCAL GOVERNMENT
This course is an introduction to the concept and principles of decentralization in government (Deconcentration and Devolution). This is followed by definition and characteristics to the discussion of political and organizational structures of local government people’s participation in policy making process at grassroots level; management of resources and intergovernmental relations. The course ends with a brief look at how local governments operate in Britain, France and the United States of America.
LGDS104- DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION
The course deals with the theoretical  aspects of Development and  Administration, its coverage extends to the meanings of  development and  under-development , concept of development, approaches to the theory of development, history of planning in the developing countries, the economic environment,  socio-cultural environment, the dimensions of development administration, bureaucracy and development administration and  National Development  Planning etc.

COSC 102- COMPUTER APPRECIATION
The course is designed to give a comprehensive information management techniques and methods of presentation and analysis of data.  Discussion will include definition and classification of information, methods of collecting and management of information, the analysis of information and the process of statistical analysis of data. The course will discuss simple statistical methods of data collection, collation and presentation and the use of statistical methods in the local governments.

LGDS 106 -HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
This course is a strategic approach to accelerate the building of an effective workforce of organizations to meet the challenges of development. The general theme here is towards an integrated national policy on human resources development and utilization in Nigeria. Human resources development in the future should emphasize a number of factors in the environment that will affect work system. Using these principles as a base, this unit will examine the concepts and theories of human resource utilization; employment and labour policy in Nigeria; human resource planning, and productivity improvement.

LGDS 108- OFFICE MANAGEMENT AND PROCEDURES
The course focuses on the main issues of office , morale, staff problems and computers, communications,  control, organization, work measurement and  incentives, job study- cost control, forms control, the role of  internal audit, training, examples of control system, improving office efficiency, the role of special assistant, planning for improved office efficiency, diagnosis and treatment of  poor performance, methods of study in the office, network analysis, mathematics  in the office, finding the best solution, shift work in the office, integrated systems, redundancy, Office equipment, Document production – Equipment, Processing equipment, correspondence equipment, and recording equipment.

LGDS 201-STATE, SOCIETY AND ECONOMY
This course looks at the relationship between the State and the Economy. In this relationship, we would like to understand the way state power and state apparatus is being conditioned by the economic base. We want to understand the type of link between those who control state power and their economic interest. Issues like control and ownership of the means of production and how resources are distributed among various classes within the policy will be examined. Students will be able to analyse policies based on whose interest a particular policy is serving and why. This will then be linked with the issues of development and underdevelopment in the country.

The course therefore is intended to focus on:

  • Classical theories  of state and society:- The evolution of societies, the nature of the growth  of civilization, historical materialism, the class struggle, the role of ideas in history. From community to society, political systems and political change.
  • Modern theories- functional analysis, the sources of societal powers. The cybernetic analysis of change, a Neo-evolutionist approach towards a theory of social conflict. The demographic transition, social stratification, the varying structure of the ruling class.
  • Pre-industrial societies, industrial societies, the economy of complex societies, the organization of production political life, socialization, social control, the urban environment.
  • State, society and ideology, education, religion, groups and organization, crime, formal and informal institutions.
  • The State as a centre of sympathy and cooperation.  The State and other associations.

 

LGDS 203 -PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT
This course is aimed at exposing the students with an insight into organization behaviour (OB) and management processes, in the setting of governmental administration. Additionally, the course is intended to develop in the students a professional competence in applying tools and techniques of management, Management principles and theories to Administrative tasks. Therefore, the student will be equipped to be able to make a distinction between the concepts of management and administration, understand the functions of management and the theories of management i.e the Early Management School, the Human Relations School and the Behavioral School of Thought.

LGDS 205- THEORIES OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT
This course is concerned with the philosophical considerations, political beliefs, and values underlying the division of political power and administrative functions between the Central and Peripheral governments in a country. It concentrates mainly on the needs of which power is to be exercised at the peripheral level and on the ways in which the values will be served. These are the constitutive principles of local government systems. In specific terms, the subject takes a look at such issues as the meaning, types and objectives of decentralization, popular participation; good grassroots level; political education and mass mobilization; intergovernmental power relations and politics of local government in developing countries.

LGDS 207- CONFLICT MANAGEMENT
Conflict management is gaining currency in local and international arena. Both national government and international agencies pump resources into the study of conflict and its management. In Nigeria for example various tiers of government have set up committees on conflict resolution e.g. in 1998, the then Head of State set up a conflict management committee to resolve crisis arising from boundary, ethnic and religious conflicts. This has become a perennial problem. This course is therefore intended to guide students to understanding and appreciating the discussions of conflict and conflict management.

POLS 201- NIGERIA GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
This course is to equip students with the nature, character and essence of Nigerian governments and politics such that students can well appreciate the present situation and the evolution of governments and politics in Nigeria, as well as the attendant struggle for power and control. This is  undertaken  through a conception and presentation of pre-colonial Nigeria and it systems  and forms  of  government, politics  and  administration; colonial  domination and imposition as well as  its  administrative, economic and political policies. Lastly the course will address the nature of neo-colonial Nigeria and the inherited problems and power struggle that characterized the society.   

PADM201- ELEMENTS OF ADMINISTRATION
The focus of this course is on the basic of principles of Public Administration such as, its Nature & Scope and its relation with other social science, organization concepts such as hierarchy, Span of control, centralization and Decentralization, Delegation of Authority, staff and - Personnel such as forms and processes of Training and Staff Development. Other areas include the underlying causes of bureaucracy, the problem of Efficiency in the Public Service and suggestions for improvement.

LGDS 209- INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS
This course begins with an introduction to the concept of Intergovernmental Relations, particularly within a Federal Framework like Nigeria. Brief highlights of different types of governmental structures will be discussed.
LAWC 201- ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
The course consists of a discussion on the Nigerian Legal System and the Constitutional Law and Administrative Law of Nigeria. It includes an examination of the meaning and classification of law and the sources of Nigerian Legal System. Under Constitutional Law, the relevant provisions of the Constitution as modified by the Decree of 1984, with emphasis on the principles of federalism, separation of powers and the provisions relating to local government system, will be discussed.   Under Administrative Law, the topics will be discussed primarily through case law method and will include the scope and relevance of administrative law, delegated legislation, adjudicatory and discretionary powers of the administration, judicial control of administrative action and the governmental liability in tort and contract.
LGDS 202 - RURAL AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
In this course basic principles and techniques of self help and community development will be investigated from a comparative perspective with particular reference to Nigeria and other Third World countries. The link between development and ideology; self reliance and self-sustaining; second and third national development plans; sources of finance and capital accumulation; agricultural growth and rural development; co-operative and marketing boards; processes of urbanization; employment structure: trade unions; introduction to urban and rural development administration. Processes of coordinated and concerted action as well as improvement of skills in public relations will be emphasized.

LGDS204 -INTRODUCTION TO DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
This course presents an overview of Development Studies. The aim is to present students with the issue of development and the disciplines associated with development studies. In so doing students will come to appreciate the width or coverage of both the concept and its ramification.
LGDS 206 -DECENTRALIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT
The aim of this course is to examine the meaning of, and relationship between decentralization and development in theory and practice, with particular reference to developing countries. The course exposes students to the meaning, types and values of decentralization such as direct access to government and government to the people, prevention of bureaucratic bottleneck at national or central government level, elimination of managerial irresponsibility and stimulation of popular participation in development.

LGDS 208 -NIGERIAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT SERVICE
This course examines the bureaucratic nature of civil services including their structure, organization, roles and responsibilities of personnel, etc. in line with the theory of the bureaucracy. However, it will move beyond this to examine the functionality of such arrangement in terms of output and productivity and effective delivery of government programmes. At the end, we shall appreciate how development oriented these service are. As a matter of interest too, a comparison of both services will be made.

 

 

LGDS 210- PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT
This subject introduces students to one way of allocating scarce resources of a national or a part thereof to competing needs in order that the level or standard of living of people is raised from time to time. It is concerned with the process of expanding the range of economic values and social choice to individuals and a nation or parts of a nation so as to free them from dependence and misery. In specific  terms, the subject touches  on areas like distinction between development  and  growth, causes or factors responsible  for economic  backwardness, factors of production  in an economy, meaning and goals of  development planning, process of development planning, participation in planning, types of  modern planning (perspective and Rolling Planning), Relationship between Planning and Budgeting.

LAWC 212 - INTRODUCTION TO LOCAL GOVERNMENT LAW
The course is designed to acquaint the students with the basic principles of law and the legal aspects of local government administration. The topics of discussion will include the definition and classification of law, the sources of Nigerian Law, the concepts of rule of law and separation of powers, the doctrine of ultra vires, and its applicability to local government administration. The course will also discuss the legal framework of local government administration in the light of the pro visions of the Constitution as modified by the Decree of 1984 and the relevant provisions of the Local Government Edicts of the various states.

LGDS 214- NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS (NGOs) & LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
The effectiveness of Non-governmental organization in working with various local communities for implementation of sustainable social development projects is widely recognised. The main purpose of this course therefore is to explore the roles and activities of NGOs in Nigerian local governments. The areas to be covered include; Definitions, Objectives and Principles of NGOs, Structures and Compositions of NGOs, Development NGOs, Trend and Development of Domestic NGOs, Donors and their specific programmes and targets and Problems and Prospective of NGOs in Nigeria.

LGDS 301 - COMPARATIVE LOCAL GOVERNMENT
This course is designed to provide students with advanced knowledge of the operation of local government systems in different parts of the world with particular emphasis on the United States of America, Great Britain, France, China, India, Tanzania and Nigeria. In specific terms, the course focuses attention on the philosophical background of decentralization by devolution, the meaning, objective, structure and functions of local government, types of local government systems, popular-participation in local government and local government development,, local government finance, local government staff, local government and politics, central-local government relationship; the workings of local government administration such as planning, budgeting, resource management, service-delivery and public relations.

LGDS 303 – PUBLIC AND DEVELOPMENT FINANCE
Development finance is the topical issue in the field of public financial management. Many of the difficulties which obstruct the economic progress of low-income countries call for solutions by the public sector, yet the system of fiscal federalism of revenue allocation complicates and constraints the task of budgetary policy for development. For these reasons, the problems of development finance deserve special and separate consideration. The course objective is to expose students the public sector economy policies and how these achieved macro-objectives of governmental economic roles. The course outlines include:

  • Theory of public sector economy.
  • National Income Determination Models.
  • Finance and Fiscal policy for development.
  • Capital Formation and Economic Development.
  • The concept of capital-output ratio.
  • Fiscal and Monetary policies and Problems.
  • Public sector spending and development.
  • Resource mobilization for development.
  • Infrastructure: Development and Finance.
  •  Income redistribution Policies and Problems

LGDS 305 – PUBLIC SECTOR ACCOUNTING
The Course is divided into two sections. The first section covers areas related to public sector accounting, where the following areas are to be covered: financial information, social accounting, Budget &.Budgeting Process, Budgeting Systems and Auditing and Investigation. The second section covers areas related to Business Accounting. It includes such areas as Profit and Loss Account, Principle of Double-Entry Booking, Trial Balance and Balance Sheet.
LGDS 307- URBAN GOVERNANCE
This course focuses attention on peculiarities of cities or urban centres in terms of population, heterogeneity of culture, conflicting and competing interests of various groups and the role of city government in resolving the conflicts or in satisfying group interests. The course tries to examine problems like over-stretching of social amenities; replacement of old and or damaged infrastructural facilities; social evils (drug abuse, immoral acts, juvenile delinquencies, prostitution etc) and the role of city government in handling these problems in developed and developing countries like the United States of America, Britain, India and Nigeria.
LGDS 309 – ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
The course highlights the Environment as a burgeoning discipline in the third World especially as it relates to industrialization, waste control and management, pollution, Environmental impact assessment and environmental friendly education among others. The course will also look at comparative country policy on the environment.

ECONS 305-NIGERIAN ECONOMY
The Nigerian Economy is a course that intends to examine such features as; the major sectors with their characteristic features: the development of the economy over time and its problems; the major institutions and organs responsible for planning and shaping of policies that have gone into making the sectors and also the economy as at present; fiscal and monetary policies development in Nigeria. Some other topical issues and problems of the economy are also to be examined. Since the course is designed for students, conscious efforts would be made to make use of factual, Informative and useful statistical data drawn from the Federal Office of Statistics and CBN reports.
LGDS 311- SOCIAL WELFARE ADMINISTRATION
This course is meant to prepare students for social service   work in the areas of education, health, housing, water supply, social welfare and youth development. It focuses on the theories, techniques and principles of planning, budgeting, implementation and evaluation of these services in urban centres and rural communities. The course looks at the availability and conditions of these services; population of the localities where these services are needed; people’s efforts in providing them: cost of the service; maintenance and replacement cost; government plans for the service (success and failures); donor agencies and provision of the service; Case-studies and field-trips to cities in Nigeria.
LGDS 313 - LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND BASIC EDUCATION
Primary Education has always constituted a knotty problem for Local Government. Local governments cannot avoid this function because it is a concurrent function. Different formula and indeed Reforms and Programs have been put in place in the past and the present. Yet it still continues to constitute a big stress on local government finance with little to show for quality of service. The course is aimed at taking students through these vicissitudes in basic education management and funding by local government and the changing institutional framework for management over time. Students will in turn appreciate the enormity of this function and how this can be handled.
LGDS 302 - NIGERIAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT
The course attempts to familiarize the students with issues on administration and government at local government level in Nigeria. Principally this will involve an examination of the changes that have taken place at this tier of government. Attempt will be made to highlight the philosophical basis for these changes and their practical relevance to our day to day life.

LGDS 304-LOCAL GOVERNMENT FINANCE AND BUDGETING
This course focuses attention on major tools of financial management in the public service in general and in local governments in particular. These tools include the Perspective and Rolling Plans, the Annual Budget, the Financial Memoranda (F.M.) and other existing Financial Rules and Circulars. The course takes a critical look at these tools with a view to identifying weak points and areas of strength to assist local governments in managing their scarce financial resources. The course concludes with some emphasis on modalities of ensuring that there is probity and accountability in managing the finances of local governments.
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LGDS 306- PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT
This course examines a set of techniques, procedures and methods of planning, organising, monitoring and controlling cost, time and specifications of a development project.  The components of this approach also include processes for organising project, teams, managing conflicts, and organisational structures and modern management systems to assist in implementing projects. The course is designed with three broad, though interrelated objectives: first to acquaint students with the essential elements of project evaluation; second, to guide through the basic principles of project appraisal and analysis, and third to acquaint students with the relevant tools essential for efficient and effective management of projects in particular public sector projects.

LGDS 308 -DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
The course deals with overall process of development. Its focus is not only on methods of promoting growth and structural change but also issues related to Local governments and rural economy. Below are sub-themes of the course outline to be discussed:

  • Economic Development:
  • Theories of  Economic Development:
  • Measurement Criteria of Economic Development:
  • Development Planning:
  • Role of State in Economic Development:
  • National Development Planning in Nigeria:
  • Local Government in Nigeria and National Development:
  • Problems of Economic Development: and
  • Development Frontier.

LGDS 310- RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
This  course  is designed  to introduce  students  to the basic  issues , concepts  and techniques  of research  in the management sciences (especially research in administration). At the end of the Semester, students should understand what scientific research is all about, in theory and practice. The course will also equip them with tools of doing an undergraduate research, which is a requirement of the Degree programme.
GEOG 308 - POPULATION STUDIES
This course is about the study of Population as regards its characteristics, perspectives dynamics, development perspectives (including human resource development) and the role of local government   in development. The meaning of population development; sources of population data, factor responsible for population change i.e. fertility, reasons for high fertility in developing countries etc. Mortality, Migration and Outline of World and Regional Population growth. The modules for this course have been developed through a UNDP Commissioned Programme:

LGDS 312 EXTENSION SERVICES IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT
The course focuses on the process and methodology of taking some social and economic services to the doorsteps of producers and consumers in the fields of agriculture, health, community development, adult education and social welfare. Such services are designed to improve skills of producers  (as in agriculture) and the living standard of consumers (as in health, adult education and social welfare). Areas to  highlight in this  course  include- meaning, dimensions and  purpose of  extension services types of extension services; target  groups  of  extension workers; qualities of  extension workers, relationship between  extension workers  and their clients/consumers, methodologies of  extension services, case  studies  and field trips  by  students.
LGDS 314 - SOCIAL MOBILISATION IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT
This course is meant to expose students to the role of local government in creating awareness in people at grassroots level toward realisation and consciousness of potentials in themselves, opportunities to explore, threat to development and the need to collaborate with government to fight back the threats. The course takes a broad look at the meaning, dimensions and methods of social mobilisation in different societies (developed and developing, capitalist and socialist) with a view to distilling the ingredients that suit Nigeria in the 21st Century. Attempts is also made to show that government programmes for grassroot development and empowerment of communities can only be sustained through effective social mobilisation by the level of government that is closest to the people.
LGDS 401- REPORT WRITING:
This course is a follow-up on Research methods.  It deals largely with qualitative and quantitative presentation and analysis of data. It is a course focusing on how these two types of data are processed as in collection, classifying, presentation and analysis. Greater emphasis shall be placed on instruments of data analysis. The format for producing a Project Report will also be revisited to enable students to structure their research project in an acceptable or academic manner. At the end of this course, all students are supposed to develop a proposal for their Research Project.
LGDS 403 - POLICY ANALYSIS
The course seeks to explain the conceptual framework for analyzing public policy, how needs and problems are defined, how knowledge and assumptions about environment can shape policy, the role of concepts of efficiency, effectiveness and effort as evaluation criteria, how to assess policy impact, etc. It will also familiarize the students with the role or Nigerian Institute of Policy and Strategic Studies (NIPSS) and Nigerian Institute of international Affairs in policy analysis. At least, one policy decision will be- taken from the following sectors for study, Agriculture, Education Industry and Housing.
LDGS 405 - MANAGEMENT OF PUBLIC & PRIVATE ENTERPRISES
The aim of this course is to expose students to the motives of the public sector as approved to the private sector as they discharge services to the public. Emphasis will be placed on Parastatal management as in the federal level and the Management of Local Government public utilities and services. The problems associated with management especially in Nigeria and why alternatives of privatization and commercialization are being proposed will be examined.
LGDS 407 ISSUES IN DEVELOPMENT
This course shall provide a forum for the Department to highlight, discuss and make a critique current issues in the various areas of development, be they policy, functional, theoretical, local or international issues. Examples of such are government policies like Poverty Alleviation, Universal Basis Education, (former policy programmes like DFRRI, Better Life Programme, Family Support, Green Revolution, War Against Indiscipline). Other issues could include appropriate pricing for petroleum products, current budgets and their analysis, corruption in the Nigerian public service, privatization and commercialization, and theoretical issues like shifting paradigms in the study of development. Of paramount importance is also the issue of Gender.

LGDS 409 PARTICIPATORY METHODOLOGIES
This course is based on the premise that greater sustainability requires increased quantity and quality of participation at all levels.  Tools and approaches to achieve this must be understood by development practitioners. The course will explore a variety of methods to facilitate learning. The course will include the following themes:

  •  Participatory Rural Appraisal
  • Participatory  methodology –Meaning and types
  • The enabling roles of governments and NGOS (as opposed to direct services provision).
  • Process learning approaches to projects and programmes.
  • Gender perspectives in development and management  and
  • The need for new development professionalism.

LGDS 411-LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTING
The aim of this course is to familiarize students with the Accounting requirements of the Financial Memoranda (FM). This would be done through the understanding of these requirements and the practical application of the specified forms of accounts.
Specifically, the course will address the following:

  • The scope of the Financial Memoranda  for use  in Local Government;
  • Definitions used in the FM;
  • Functions of Key Officers  controlling Votes  in Local Government;
  • Introduction to the basic  accounting  forms used  in the FM;
  • Structure  of Local Government Accounts & Financial Records;
  • Purpose  and  Methods of Keeping Local Government Accounts;
  • Financial  Control in Local Government;
  • Local  Government Estimates;
  • Books and Records of Accounts e.g Cash Book, Cash Survey, Bank Reconciliation, Monthly Financial Statement and Balance Sheet; and
  • Abstract of Revenue and Expenditure etc Taxes, Tax Management and Accounting Entries.

LGDS 413- LOCAL GOVERNMENT PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT
The course focuses on the main issue of human resource management at the third tier level of government. The following topics are of interest at this level: What is personnel management and its significance in relation to achieving the broad goals of local government; Education and training aspect of human resources, incentives for raising productivity. Additionally the significance of developing a personnel policy system, job description and analysis, recruitment, selection and placement, training and performance appraisal, promotion, transfers and separations, wages and salaries administration, discipline will be discussed. The junior and senior staff management committees including of course the Local Government Service Commissions shall be interested in this discussion.

LGDS 402- RESEARCH PROJECT
This course has a Six Credit Units and is designed for students to write their projects. It provides the format under which the students are expected to write their research project. At the end of the course the lecturers supervising the work are to grade the students’ projects.

LGDS 404 - POLICY IMPLEMENTATION AND EVALUATION
This course seeks to expose students to the process of translating policy objectives into concrete actions and assessment of policy-output in terms of cost, outcomes and the need for amendments to policy-objectives in the light of outcomes (intended and unintended effects). At the end of the course, students are expected to know the major strategies of policy implementation (contract, direct labour by an organisation and community efforts); resources required for policy-implementation (human. financial and material resources); project-planning and implementation; leadership qualities and team work during policy implementation; cost-benefit analysis of policies; public reaction to policy output; sustainability of policy objectives by beneficiaries.
LGDS 406 - WORKSHOP IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION
This course is designed to address topical issues in local government administration as they affect local government performance, (service delivery), resource management, people’s participation in local government and intergovernmental relations. The course adopts the participatory methodology of teaching and learning, involving the following process: Introduction and discussion of issues in class by 3 lecturers. Each lecturer handles two topics, (18 Contact Lecture hours i.e. six weeks). Group assignments (Field work) by students taking them to local governments and state agencies in charge of local government affairs.  Each field work takes 2 weeks or 6 contact hours. Presentation of field work Reports in seminar sessions made up of students and the 3 lecturers (3 weeks i.e. 9 hours). Each seminar session takes 3 hours. Wrap up in one week (3 hours).

 

LGDS 408 - GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT
The course shall seek to understand the importance of Gender concepts. Understand the impact of investment and social change on women, sex roles and Gender roles, how to improve women education, income, status, child and infant mortality and reduced fertility. The course shall also examine the rise of more rural women heading households. Similarly, the course will examine Gender Analysis and Gender sensitive strategies. And finally look at the sociology of Gender Issues.

LGDS 410- STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE  DEVELOPMENT
This  course is meant  to familiarize  students with the  different  ways of  empowering the public to take over  ownership and maintenance of  development programmes  after  government withdrawal of support or assistance. The course also focuses on how material resources for development are not depleted to the disadvantage of future generations (sustainability). Areas of discussion include the following: - Definition of concepts like Development, sustainability, popular-participation and target community.

LGDS 412 – LOCAL GOVERNMENT AUDITING AND INVESTIGATION
The course is an examination of the principles and practices of corporate business accounting and their application to the requirements of the Local Government system. The application of costing  and stores  accounting  procedures  in Local Government’s accounting for revenue, recurrent and capital  expenditure, the preparation, presentation and interpretation of periodic and  annual financial  statements ( provisions in the new constitution); the  place  of management accounting and PPBS in Local  Government; internal and external audit of the accounts  of local government, management auditing, examination of concept and practices that can lead to modernization of Local Government Accounting arrangements/systems.

LGDS 414- LABOUR RELATIONS IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT   
The course examines the following issues; Structure and process of industrial Relations, pattern of industrial Relations, the Nigerian experience, industrial Bureaucracy, Trade Union Relations, Disputes, Conflicts and Settlement, Social Classes and Industrial Order, The Negotiation Process, Trade Unions in the Political Climate, Patterns of Collective, Bargaining, Joint Consultation, The Recognition and Procedural Agreement, the Redundancy Agreements. Social  aspects  of Industrial Employment, Personalities and  social  Relations, Effect of Leadership on Joint Consultation, Attitudes of Joint Consultation, Committee Structures, Technical and Economic Conditions , Social Aspects of Industrial Employment, Economic Policy and Union Activity, Public  Policy and the Labour Union. The course shall also examine the role of NULGE in Local Government Administration, Union activities and the Local Government Management.